Risks of Investing in Value Stocks. Value stocks can react differently to issuer, political, market and economic developments than the market as a whole and other types of stocks. Value stocks can continue to be undervalued for long periods of time and may not ever realize their full value.
Foreign Risks. The risks of investing in securities of foreign issuers, including emerging market issuers, can include fluctuations in foreign currencies, foreign currency exchange controls, political and economic instability, differences in securities regulation and trading, and foreign taxation issues.
Risks of Investing in REITs. Investing in REITs makes the Fund more susceptible to risks associated with the ownership of real estate and with the real estate industry in general and may involve duplication of management fees and other expenses. REITs may be less diversified than other pools of securities, may have lower trading volumes and may be subject to more abrupt or erratic price movements than the overall securities markets.
Derivatives Risk. The performance of derivative instruments is tied to the performance of an underlying currency, security, index or other instrument. In addition to risks relating to their underlying instruments, the use of derivatives may include other, possibly greater, risks. Derivatives involve costs, may be volatile, and may involve a small initial investment relative to the risk assumed. Risks associated with the use of derivatives include counterparty, leverage, correlation, liquidity, tax, market, interest rate and management risks. Derivatives may also be more difficult to purchase, sell or value than other investments. The Fund may lose more than the cash amount invested on investments in derivatives. Investors should bear in mind that, while the Fund intends to use derivative strategies, it is not obligated to actively engage in these transactions, generally or in any particular kind of derivative, if the investment manager elects not to do so due to availability, cost, market conditions or other factors.
Convertible Securities Risk. The Fund may own convertible securities, the value of which may be affected by market interest rates, the risk that the issuer will default, the value of the underlying stock or the right of the issuer to buy back the convertible securities.
Equity-Linked Securities Risk. Investments in equity-linked securities may subject the Fund to risks if the underlying equity security, reference rate of index underperforms or if the issuer defaults on the payment of the dividend or the common stock at maturity. Additionally, the trading market for particular equity-linked securities may be less liquid, making it difficult for the Fund to dispose of a particular security and to obtain market quotations for valuing the Fund's portfolio.
Management Risk. The investment techniques and risk analysis used by the Fund's portfolio managers may not produce the desired results.
Market Risk. The prices of and the income generated by the Fund's securities may decline in response to, among other things, investor sentiment, general economic and market conditions, regional or global instability, and currency and interest rate fluctuations.
Small- and Mid-Capitalization Risks. Stocks of small and mid-sized companies tend to be more vulnerable to adverse developments in the above factors and may have little or no operating history or track record of success, and limited product lines, markets, management and financial resources. The securities of small and mid-sized companies may be more volatile due to less market interest and less publicly available information about the issuer. They also may be illiquid or restricted as to resale, or may trade less frequently and in smaller volumes, all of which may cause difficulty when establishing or closing a position at a desirable price.
Synthetic Securities Risk. Fluctuations in the values of synthetic securities may not correlate perfectly with the instruments they are designed to replicate. Synthetic securities may be subject to interest rate changes, market price fluctuations, counterparty risk and liquidity risk.
Preferred Securities Risk. There are special risks associated with investing in preferred securities. Preferred securities may include provisions that permit the issuer, in its discretion, to defer or omit distributions for a certain period of time. If the Fund owns a security that is deferring or omitting its distributions, the Fund may be required to report the distribution on its tax returns, even though it may not have received this income. Further, preferred securities may lose substantial value due to the omission or deferment of dividend payments.