Management Risk. The investment techniques and risk analysis used by the Fund's portfolio managers may not produce the desired results.
Market Risk. The prices of and the income generated by the Fund's securities may decline in response to, among other things, investor sentiment; general economic and market conditions; regional or global instability; and currency and interest rate fluctuations.
Income Risk. The ability of the Fund's equity securities to generate income generally depends on the earnings and the continuing declaration of dividends by the issuers of such securities. The interest income on debt securities generally is affected by prevailing interest rates, which can vary widely over the short- and long-term. If dividends are reduced or discontinued or interest rates drop, distributions to shareholders from the Fund may drop as well.
Call Risk. If interest rates fall, it is possible that issuers of callable securities held by the Fund will call or prepay their securities before their maturity dates. In this event, the proceeds from the called securities would most likely be reinvested by the Fund in securities bearing the new, lower interest rates, resulting in a possible decline in the Fund's income and distributions to shareholders and termination of any conversion option on convertible securities.
Credit Risk. Credit risk refers to an issuer's ability to make timely payments of interest and principal. Because the Fund generally invests only in investment grade-quality debt securities, it is subject to a lower level of credit risk than a fund investing in lower-quality securities.
Convertible Securities Risk. The Fund may own convertible securities, the value of which may be affected by market interest rates, the risk that the issuer will default, the value of the underlying stock or the right of the issuer to buy back the convertible securities.
Foreign Risks. The risks of investing in securities of foreign issuers can include fluctuations in foreign currencies, foreign currency exchange controls, political and economic instability, differences in financial reporting, differences in securities regulation and trading, and foreign taxation issues. The Fund may also invest in issuers in developing or emerging market countries, which are subject to greater risks than investments in securities of issuers in developed countries.
Risks of Investing in REITs. Investing in REITs makes the Fund more susceptible to risks associated with the ownership of real estate and with the real estate industry in general and may involve duplication of management fees and certain other expenses. In addition, REITs depend upon specialized management skills, may less diversified, may have lower trading volume, and may be subject to more abrupt or erratic price movements than the overall securities markets.
Value Investing. The Fund emphasizes a value style of investing. The Fund's investment style presents the risk that the valuations may never improve or that the returns on value securities may be less than the returns on other styles of investing or the overall stock market. Different types of stocks tend to shift in and out of favor depending on market and economic conditions. Thus, the value of the Fund's investments will vary and at times may be lower or higher than that of other types of investments.
Derivatives Risk. The performance of derivative instruments is tied to the performance of an underlying currency, security, index or other instrument. In addition to risks relating to their underlying instruments, the use of derivatives may include other, possibly greater, risks. Derivatives involve costs, may be volatile, and may involve a small initial investment relative to the risk assumed. Risks associated with the use of derivatives include counterparty, leverage, correlation, liquidity, tax, market, interest rate and management risks. Derivatives may also be more difficult to purchase, sell or value than other investments. The Fund may lose more than the cash amount invested on investments in derivatives. Investors should bear in mind that, while the Fund intends to use derivative strategies, it is not obligated to actively engage in these transactions, generally or in any particular kind of derivative, if the investment manager elects not to do so due to availability, cost, market conditions or other factors.
Preferred Securities Risk. There are special risks associated with investing in preferred securities. Preferred securities may include provisions that permit the issuer, in its discretion, to defer or omit distributions for a certain period of time. If the Fund owns a security that is deferring or omitting its distributions, the Fund may be required to report the distribution on its tax returns, even though it may not have received this income. Further, preferred securities may lose substantial value due to the omission or deferment of dividend payments.
Small- and Mid-Capitalization Risks. The securities of small- and medium-sized companies may be subject to more abrupt or erratic market movements and may have lower trading volumes or more erratic trading than securities of larger companies or the market averages in general or with respect to a particular industry. Thus, to the extent the Fund invests in small- and medium-sized companies, it will be subject to greater risk than that assumed through investment in the securities of larger-sized companies.
Synthetic Securities Risk. Fluctuations in the values of synthetic securities may not correlate perfectly with the instruments they are designed to replicate. Synthetic securities may be subject to interest rate changes, market price fluctuations, counterparty risk and liquidity risk.