Market Risk. Market risk is the possibility that the market values of securities owned by the Fund will decline. Investments in common stocks and other equity securities generally are affected by changes in the stock markets, which fluctuate substantially over time, sometimes suddenly and sharply.
Risks of Small Capitalization Companies. Small capitalization companies often have less predictable earnings, more limited product lines, markets, distribution channels or financial resources and the management of such companies may be dependent upon one or few key people. The market movements of equity securities of small capitalization companies may be more abrupt and volatile than the market movements of equity securities of larger, more established companies or the stock market in general and are generally less liquid than the equity securities of larger companies.
Growth Investing Risk. Investments in growth-oriented equity securities may have above-average volatility of price movement. The returns on growth securities may or may not move in tandem with the returns on other styles of investing or the overall stock markets.
Foreign Risks. The risks of investing in securities of foreign issuers, including emerging market issuers, can include fluctuations in foreign currencies, foreign currency exchange controls, political and economic instability, differences in securities regulation and trading, and foreign taxation issues.
Risks of Investing in REITs. Investing in REITs makes the Fund more susceptible to risks associated with the ownership of real estate and with the real estate industry in general and may involve duplication of management fees and other expenses. REITs may be less diversified than other pools of securities, may have lower trading volumes and may be subject to more abrupt or erratic price movements than the overall securities markets.
Risks of Derivatives. Derivatives may be more difficult to purchase, sell or value than other investments and may be subject to market, interest rate, credit, leverage, counterparty and management risks. A fund investing in a derivative could lose more than the cash amount invested or incur higher taxes. Over-the-counter derivatives are also subject to counterparty risk, which is the risk that the other party to the contract will not fulfill its contractual obligation to complete the transaction with the Fund.
Futures Risk. A decision as to whether, when and how to use futures involves the exercise of skill and judgment and even a well-conceived futures transaction may be unsuccessful because of market behavior or unexpected events.
Forward Currency Contracts Risk. The use of forward contracts involves the risk of mismatching the Fund's objectives under a forward contract with the value of securities denominated in a particular currency. Furthermore, such transactions reduce or preclude the opportunity for gain if the value of the currency should move in the direction opposite to the position taken. There is an additional risk to the effect that currency contracts create exposure to currencies in which the Fund's securities are not denominated. Unanticipated changes in currency prices may result in poorer overall performance for the Fund than if it had not entered into such contracts.
Active Trading Risk. The Fund may engage in frequent trading of portfolio securities. Active trading results in added expenses and may result in a lower return and increased tax liability.