Convertible Securities Risk. The Fund may own convertible securities, the value of which may be affected by market interest rates, the risk that the issuer will default, the value of the underlying stock or the right of the issuer to buy back the convertible securities.
Derivatives Risk. The performance of derivative instruments is tied to the performance of an underlying currency, security, index or other instrument. In addition to risks relating to their underlying instruments, the use of derivatives may include other, possibly greater, risks. Derivatives involve costs, may be volatile, and may involve a small initial investment relative to the risk assumed. Risks associated with the use of derivatives include counterparty, leverage, correlation, liquidity, tax, market, interest rate and management risks. Derivatives may also be more difficult to purchase, sell or value than other investments. The Fund may lose more than the cash amount invested on investments in derivatives. Investors should bear in mind that, while the Fund intends to use derivative strategies, it is not obligated to actively engage in these transactions, generally or in any particular kind of derivative, if the investment manager elects not to do so due to availability, cost, market conditions or other factors.
Market Risk. The prices of and the income generated by the Fund's securities may decline in response to, among other things, investor sentiment; general economic and market conditions; regional or global instability; and currency and interest rate fluctuations.
Preferred Securities Risk. There are special risks associated with investing in preferred securities. Preferred securities may include provisions that permit the issuer, in its discretion, to defer or omit distributions for a certain period of time. If the Fund owns a security that is deferring or omitting its distributions, the Fund may be required to report the distribution on its tax returns, even though it may not have received this income. Further, preferred securities may lose substantial value due to the omission or deferment of dividend payments.
Small and Medium Capitalization Companies. Investments in small and medium capitalization companies entail greater risks than those associated with larger, more established companies. Often the stock of these companies may be more volatile and less liquid than the stock of more established companies. These stocks may have returns that vary, sometimes significantly, from the overall stock market.
Value Investing Style Risk. The Fund emphasizes a value style of investing, which focuses on undervalued companies with characteristics for improved valuations. This style of investing is subject to the risk that the valuations never improve or that the returns on "value" equity securities are less than returns on other styles of investing or the overall stock market. Value stocks also may decline in price, even though in theory they are already underpriced.
Foreign Risks. The risks of investing in securities of foreign issuers, including emerging market issuers, can include fluctuations in foreign currencies, foreign currency exchange controls, political and economic instability, differences in securities regulation and trading, and foreign taxation issues.
Risks of Investing in REITs. Investing in REITs makes the Fund more susceptible to risks associated with the ownership of real estate and with the real estate industry in general and may involve duplication of management fees and other expenses. REITs may be less diversified than other pools of securities, may have lower trading volumes and may be subject to more abrupt or erratic price movements than the overall securities markets.
Unseasoned Issuer Risk. Investments in unseasoned companies or companies with special circumstances often involve much greater risks than are inherent in other types of investments and securities of such companies may be more likely to experience fluctuations in price. In addition, investments made in anticipation of future events may, if the events are delayed or never achieved, cause stock prices to fall.
Initial Public Offerings (IPO) Risk. The prices of IPO securities fluctuate more than prices of equity securities of companies with longer trading histories. In addition, companies offering securities in IPOs may have less experienced management or limited operating histories. There can be no assurance that the Fund will have favorable IPO investment opportunities.
Management Risk. The investment techniques and risk analysis used by the Fund's portfolio managers may not produce the desired results.
Sector Fund Risk. The Fund's investments are concentrated in a comparatively narrow segment of the economy, which may make the Fund more volatile than non-concentrated funds.