Commodity-Linked Notes Risk. The Fund's and the Subsidiary's investments in commodity-linked notes may involve substantial risks, including risk of loss of a significant portion of their principal value. In addition to risks associated with the underlying commodities, they may be subject to additional special risks, such as the lack of a secondary trading market and temporary price distortions due to speculators and/or the continuous rolling over of futures contracts underlying the notes. Commodity-linked notes are also subject to counterparty risk, which is the risk that the other party to the contract will not fulfill its contractual obligation to complete the transaction with the Fund or the Subsidiary.
Commodity Risk. The Fund's and the Subsidiary's significant investment exposure to the commodities markets, and/or a particular sector of the commodities markets, may subject the Fund and the Subsidiary to greater volatility than investments in traditional securities, such as stocks and bonds. The commodities markets may fluctuate widely based on a variety of factors, including changes in overall market movements, domestic and foreign political and economic events and policies, war, acts of terrorism, changes in domestic or foreign interest rates and/or investor expectations concerning interest rates, domestic and foreign inflation rates and investment and trading activities of mutual funds, hedge funds and commodities funds. Prices of various commodities may also be affected by factors such as drought, floods, weather, livestock disease, embargoes, tariffs and other regulatory developments. The prices of commodities can also fluctuate widely due to supply and demand disruptions in major producing or consuming regions. Because the Fund's and the Subsidiary's performance are linked to the performance of volatile commodities, investors should be willing to assume the risks of potentially significant fluctuations in the value of the Fund's shares.
Counterparty Risk. Counterparty risk is the risk that the other party to the contract will not fulfill its contractual obligations, which may cause losses or additional costs to the Fund and the Subsidiary.
Credit Risk. The issuer of instruments in which the Fund and the Subsidiary invest may be unable to meet interest and/or principal payments, thereby causing its instruments to decrease in value and lowering the issuer's credit rating.
Currency/Exchange Rate Risk. The dollar value of the Fund's and the Subsidiary's foreign investments will be affected by changes in the exchange rates between the dollar and the currencies in which those investments are traded.
Derivatives Risk. The performance of derivative instruments is tied to the performance of an underlying currency, security, index or other instrument. In addition to risks relating to their underlying instruments, the use of derivatives may include other, possibly greater, risks. Derivatives involve costs, may be volatile, and may involve a small initial investment relative to the risk assumed. Risks associated with the use of derivatives may include counterparty, leverage, correlation, liquidity, tax, market, interest rate and management risks. Derivatives may also be more difficult to purchase, sell or value than other investments. The Fund and the Subsidiary may lose more than the cash amount invested on investments in derivatives. Investors should bear in mind that, while the Fund intends to use derivative strategies, it is not obligated to actively engage in these transactions, generally or in any particular kind of derivative, if the investment manager elects not to do so due to availability, cost, market conditions or other factors.
Developing/Emerging Markets Securities Risk. Securities issued by foreign companies and governments located in developing/emerging countries may be affected more negatively by inflation, devaluation of their currencies, higher transaction costs, delays in settlement, adverse political developments, the introduction of capital controls, withholding taxes, nationalization of private assets, expropriation, social unrest, war or lack of timely information than those in developed countries.
Exchange-Traded Funds Risk. An investment by the Fund and the Subsidiary in exchange-traded funds generally presents the same primary risks as an investment in a mutual fund. In addition, an exchange-traded fund may be subject to the following: (1) a discount of the exchange-traded fund's shares to its net asset value; (2) failure to develop or maintain an active trading market for the exchange-traded fund's shares; (3) the listing exchange halting trading of the exchange-traded fund's shares; (4) failure of the exchange-traded fund's shares to track the referenced asset; and (5) holding troubled securities in the referenced index or basket of investments. Exchange-traded funds may involve duplication of management fees and certain other expenses, as the Fund and the Subsidiary indirectly bear their proportionate share of any expenses paid by the exchange-traded funds in which they invest. Further, certain of the exchange-traded funds in which the Fund and the Subsidiary may invest are leveraged. The more the Fund and the Subsidiary invest in such leveraged exchange-traded funds, the more this leverage will magnify any losses on those investments.
Exchange-Traded Notes Risk. Exchange-traded notes are subject to credit risk, including the credit risk of the issuer, and the value of the exchange-traded note may drop due to a downgrade in the issuer's credit rating, despite the underlying market benchmark or strategy remaining unchanged. The value of an exchange-traded note may also be influenced by time to maturity, level of supply and demand for the exchange-traded note, volatility and lack of liquidity in the underlying market, changes in the applicable interest rates, changes in the issuer's credit rating, and economic, legal, political, or geographic events that affect the referenced underlying market or strategy. Exchange-traded notes are also subject to counterparty risk.
Foreign Securities Risk. The Fund's and the Subsidiary's foreign investments may be affected by changes in a foreign country's exchange rates, political and social instability, changes in economic or taxation policies, difficulties when enforcing obligations, decreased liquidity, and increased volatility. Foreign companies may be subject to less regulation resulting in less publicly available information about the companies.
Interest Rate Risk. Interest rate risk refers to the risk that bond prices generally fall as interest rates rise; conversely, bond prices generally rise as interest rates fall. Specific bonds differ in their sensitivity to changes in interest rates depending on their individual characteristics, including duration.
Leverage Risk. Leverage exists when the Fund or the Subsidiary purchases or sells an instrument or enters into a transaction without investing cash in an amount equal to the full economic exposure of the instrument or transaction and the Fund or the Subsidiary could lose more than it invested. Leverage created from borrowing or certain types of transactions or instruments may impair the Fund's and the Subsidiary's liquidity, cause them to liquidate positions at an unfavorable time, increase volatility or otherwise not achieve their intended objective.
Liquidity Risk. The Fund and the Subsidiary may hold illiquid securities that they may be unable to sell at the preferred time or price and could lose their entire investment in such securities.
Management Risk. The investment techniques and risk analysis used by the Fund's and the Subsidiary's portfolio managers may not produce the desired results.
Market Risk. The prices of and the income generated by the Fund's and the Subsidiary's securities may decline in response to, among other things, investor sentiment, general economic and market conditions, regional or global instability, and currency and interest rate fluctuations.
Non-Diversification Risk. The Fund is non-diversified and can invest a greater portion of its assets in a single issuer. A change in the value of the issuer could affect the value of the Fund more than if it was a diversified fund.
Subsidiary Risk. By investing in the Subsidiary, the Fund is indirectly exposed to risks associated with the Subsidiary's investments. The Subsidiary is not registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (1940 Act), and, except as otherwise noted in this prospectus, is not subject to the investor protections of the 1940 Act. Changes in the laws of the United States and/or the Cayman Islands, under which the Fund and the Subsidiary, respectively, are organized, could result in the inability of the Fund and/or the Subsidiary to operate as described in this prospectus and the SAI, and could negatively affect the Fund and its shareholders.
Tax Risk. The tax treatment of commodity-linked derivative instruments may be adversely affected by changes in legislation, regulations or other legally binding authority. If, as a result of any such adverse action, the income of the Fund from certain commodity-linked derivatives was treated as non-qualifying income, the Fund might fail to qualify as a regulated investment company and be subject to federal income tax at the Fund level. The Internal Revenue Service has issued a number of private letter rulings to other mutual funds (including to another Invesco fund), which indicate that income from a fund's investment in certain commodity linked notes and a wholly owned foreign subsidiary that invests in commodity-linked derivatives, such as the Subsidiary, constitutes qualifying income. However, the Internal Revenue Service has suspended issuance of any further private letter rulings pending a review of its position. Should the Internal Revenue Service issue guidance, or Congress enact legislation, that adversely affects the tax treatment of the Fund's use of commodity-linked notes or the Subsidiary (which guidance might be applied to the Fund retroactively), it could limit the Fund's ability to pursue its investment strategy and the Fund might not qualify as a regulated investment company for one or more years. In this event the Fund's Board of Trustees may authorize a significant change in investment strategy or Fund liquidation. The Fund also may incur transaction and other costs to comply with any new or additional guidance from the Internal Revenue Service.
U.S. Government Obligations Risk. The Fund may invest in obligations issued by U.S. Government agencies and instrumentalities that may receive varying levels of support from the government, which could affect the Fund's ability to recover should they default.