Proxy Voting Information

Annual Meeting of Shareholders of the Invesco Closed-End Funds

August 9, 2019 at 2:00 p.m. Central Daylight Time

Proxy statements were mailed on or about July 8, 2019 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on May 13, 2019 for the funds listed below. The purpose of the proxy statement is to elect certain trustees to the Board of Trustees for the funds listed below. The proxy statement contains information about the proposal for which votes or voting instructions have been solicited. You can also access your fund's proxy statement, common questions regarding your fund's proposal, and your fund’s annual report by clicking on the fund name listed below.

How to vote

You may cast your vote by any of the following methods. However you choose to vote, it is important that you vote now to save the expense of additional solicitations.

By Internet

You may cast your vote online by logging onto the website listed on your proxy card.

Enter the control number listed on the proxy card you received in the mail and follow the instructions on the web site.

By telephone

Call the toll-free number listed on your proxy card.

Enter the control number listed on the proxy card and follow the recorded instructions.

By mail

Complete and sign the proxy card and return it in the postage-paid envelope provided in the shareholder mailing.

In person

Please notify Invesco at (800) 952-3502 if you plan to attend the shareholder meeting.

If you have any questions …

If you have questions about your proxy statement or the voting process, please contact your financial consultant or call Invesco toll-free at (800) 341-2929 any business day between 7:30 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. CT.

If we have not received your proxy card after a reasonable amount of time, a representative from our proxy solicitation firm, AST Fund Solutions, LLC, may contact you to remind you to exercise your right to vote.