Balanced | Target Risk

Invesco Active Allocation Fund

Class A

Class A

  • Class A
  • Class C
  • Class R
  • Class R5
  • Class R6
  • Class Y
Ticker: OAAAX

Objective & Strategy

The Fund seeks total return. The strategy primarily invests globally across equity, fixed income and alternative strategies.  

Management team

as of 01/31/2024

Top Equity Holdings | View all

  % of Total Assets
Invesco Russell 1000 Dynamic Multifactor ETF 11.79
Invesco S&P 500 Low Volatility ETF 8.55
Invesco Global Fund 8.29
Invesco Core Plus Bond Fund 7.23
Invesco Main Street Small Cap Fund 6.38
Invesco Discovery Mid Cap Growth Fund 4.85
Invesco S&P 500 Pure Growth ETF 4.84
Invesco Nasdaq 100 ETF 4.60
Invesco S&P Emerging Markets Low Volatility ETF 4.41
Invesco Exchange-Traded Fund Trust II Invesco Equal Weight 0-30 Year Treasury ETF 3.83

May not equal 100% due to rounding.

Holdings are subject to change and are not buy/sell recommendations.

as of 01/31/2024 12/31/2023

Average Annual Returns (%)

  Incept.
Date
Max
Load (%)
Since
Incept. (%)
YTD (%) 1Y (%) 3Y (%) 5Y (%) 10Y (%)

Performance quoted is past performance and cannot guarantee comparable future results; current performance may be lower or higher. Investment return and principal value will vary so that you may have a gain or a loss when you sell shares.

Performance shown at NAV does not include applicable front-end or CDSC sales charges, which would have reduced the performance.

Performance figures reflect reinvested distributions and changes in net asset value (NAV) and the effect of the maximum sales charge unless otherwise stated.

As the result of a reorganization on May 24, 2019, the returns of the fund for periods on or prior to May 24, 2019 reflect performance of the Oppenheimer predecessor fund. Share class returns will differ from the predecessor fund due to a change in expenses and sales charges.

as of 01/31/2024 12/31/2023

Annualized Benchmark Returns


Index Name 1 Mo (%) 3 Mo (%) 1Y (%) 3Y (%) 5Y (%) 10Y (%)
Custom Invesco Oppenheimer Portfolio Series Active Allocation Index 0.43 13.39 12.69 4.61 8.56 7.35
MSCI ACWI Net Return Index (USD) 0.59 15.15 14.70 6.12 10.16 8.43
Custom Invesco Oppenheimer Portfolio Series Active Allocation Index 4.48 10.03 19.15 4.30 9.84 6.99
MSCI ACWI Net Return Index (USD) 4.80 11.03 22.20 5.75 11.72 7.93

Source: RIMES Technologies Corp.

An investment cannot be made directly in an index.

Expense Ratio per Prospectus

Management Fee 0.09
12b-1 Fee 0.24
Other Expenses 0.14
Interest/Dividend Exp N/A
Total Other Expenses 0.14
Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses (Underlying Fund Fees & Expenses) 0.53
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses 1.00
Contractual Waivers/Reimbursements N/A
Net Expenses - PER PROSPECTUS 1.00
Additional Waivers/Reimbursements N/A
Net Expenses - With Additional Fee Reduction 1.00
This information is updated per the most recent prospectus.

Historical Prices

 
No history records found for this date range

Distributions

 
    Capital Gains Reinvestment
Price ($)
Ex-Date Income Short Term Long Term
as of 01/31/2024

Fund Characteristics

3-Year Alpha -3.19%
3-Year Beta 1.01
3-Year R-Squared 0.97
3-Year Sharpe Ratio -0.09
3-Year Standard Deviation 14.31
Number of Securities 31
Total Assets $1,898,775,532.00

Source: RIMES Technologies Corp.,StyleADVISOR

Benchmark:  Custom Invesco Oppenheimer Portfolio Series Active Allocation Index

as of 01/31/2024

Top Equity Holdings | View all

  % of Total Assets
Invesco Russell 1000 Dynamic Multifactor ETF 11.79
Invesco S&P 500 Low Volatility ETF 8.55
Invesco Global Fund 8.29
Invesco Core Plus Bond Fund 7.23
Invesco Main Street Small Cap Fund 6.38
Invesco Discovery Mid Cap Growth Fund 4.85
Invesco S&P 500 Pure Growth ETF 4.84
Invesco Nasdaq 100 ETF 4.60
Invesco S&P Emerging Markets Low Volatility ETF 4.41
Invesco Exchange-Traded Fund Trust II Invesco Equal Weight 0-30 Year Treasury ETF 3.83

May not equal 100% due to rounding.

Holdings are subject to change and are not buy/sell recommendations.

About risk

As with any mutual fund investment, loss of money is a risk of investing. An investment in the Fund is not a deposit in a bank and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other governmental agency. The risks associated with an investment in the Fund can increase during times of significant market volatility. Because the Fund is a fund of funds, the Fund is subject to the risks associated with the underlying funds in which it invests. The principal risks of investing in the Fund and the underlying funds are:

Market Risk. The market values of an underlying fund’s investments, and therefore the value of an underlying fund’s shares, will go up and down, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably. Market risk may affect a single issuer, industry or section of the economy, or it may affect the market as a whole. The value of an underlying fund’s investments may go up or down due to general market conditions that are not specifically related to the particular issuer, such as real or perceived adverse economic conditions, changes in the general outlook for revenues or corporate earnings, changes in interest or currency rates, regional or global instability, natural or environmental disasters, widespread disease or other public health issues, war, military conflict, acts of terrorism, economic crisis or adverse investor sentiment generally. During a general downturn in the financial markets, multiple asset classes may decline in value. When markets perform well, there can be no assurance that specific investments held by an underlying fund will rise in value.

Fund of Funds Risk. The Fund’s performance depends on that of the underlying funds in which it invests. Accordingly, the risks associated with an investment in the Fund include the risks associated with investments in the underlying funds. The Fund will indirectly pay a proportional share of the fees and expenses of the underlying funds in which it invests. There are risks that the Fund will vary from its target weightings (if any) in the underlying funds, that the underlying funds will not achieve their investment objectives, that the underlying funds’ performance may be lower than their represented asset classes, and that the Fund may withdraw its investments in an underlying fund at a disadvantageous time.

Exchange–Traded Funds Risk. In addition to the risks associated with the underlying assets held by the exchange–traded fund, investments in exchange–traded funds are subject to the following additional risks: (1) an exchange–traded fund’s shares may trade above or below its net asset value; (2) an active trading market for the exchange–traded fund’s shares may not develop or be maintained; (3) trading an exchange–traded fund’s shares may be halted by the listing exchange; (4) a passively–managed exchange–traded fund may not track the performance of the reference asset; and (5) a passively–managed exchange–traded fund may hold troubled securities. Investment in exchange–traded funds may involve duplication of management fees and certain other expenses, as the Fund or an underlying fund indirectly bears its proportionate share of any expenses paid by the exchange–traded funds in which it invests. Further, certain exchange–traded funds in which the Fund or an underlying fund may invest are leveraged, which may result in economic leverage, permitting the Fund or an underlying fund to gain exposure that is greater than would be the case in an unlevered instrument, and potentially resulting in greater volatility.

Allocation Risk. The Fund’s investment performance depends, in part, on how its assets are allocated among the underlying funds or asset classes. The Adviser’s evaluations and assumptions regarding the asset classes or the underlying funds in which the Fund invests may be incorrect, causing the Fund to be invested (or not invested) in one or more asset classes or underlying funds at an inopportune time, which could negatively affect the Fund’s performance.

Investing in Stocks Risk. The value of an underlying fund’s portfolio may be affected by changes in the stock markets. Stock markets may experience significant short–term volatility and may fall or rise sharply at times. Adverse events in any part of the equity or fixed–income markets may have unexpected negative effects on other market segments. Different stock markets may behave differently from each other and U.S. stock markets may move in the opposite direction from one or more foreign stock markets.

The prices of individual stocks generally do not all move in the same direction at the same time. However, individual stock prices tend to go up and down more dramatically than those of certain other types of investments, such as bonds. A variety of factors can negatively affect the price of a particular company’s stock. These factors may include, but are not limited to: poor earnings reports, a loss of customers, litigation against the company, general unfavorable performance of the company’s sector or industry, or changes in government regulations affecting the company or its industry. To the extent that securities of a particular type are emphasized (for example foreign stocks, stocks of small– or mid–cap companies, growth or value stocks, or stocks of companies in a particular industry), fund share values may fluctuate more in response to events affecting the market for those types of securities.

Index Risk. Unlike many investment companies that are “actively managed,” certain underlying funds are “passive” investors and therefore do not utilize investing strategies that seek returns in excess of their respective Underlying Index. Therefore, an underlying fund would not necessarily buy or sell a security unless that security is added or removed, respectively, from its respective Underlying Index, even if that security generally is underperforming. If a specific security is removed from an Underlying Index, certain underlying funds may be forced to sell shares of the security at an inopportune time or for a price lower than the security’s current market value. An Underlying Index may not contain the appropriate mix of securities for any particular economic cycle. Unlike with an actively managed fund, the Adviser does not use techniques or defensive strategies designed to lessen the impact of periods of market volatility or market decline. This means that, based on certain market and economic conditions, an underlying fund’s performance could be lower than other types of mutual funds with investment advisers that actively manage their portfolio assets to take advantage of market opportunities.

Preferred Securities Risk. Preferred securities are subject to issuer–specific and market risks applicable generally to equity securities. Preferred securities also may be subordinated to bonds or other debt instruments, subjecting them to a greater risk of non–payment, may be less liquid than many other securities, such as common stocks, and generally offer no voting rights with respect to the issuer.

Rights and Warrants Risk. Warrants may be significantly less valuable or worthless on their expiration date and may also be postponed or terminated early, resulting in a partial or total loss. Rights are similar to warrants, but normally have a short duration and are distributed directly by the issuer to its shareholders. Rights and warrants have no voting rights, receive no dividends and have no rights with respect to the assets of the issuer. Warrants and rights are highly volatile and, therefore, more susceptible to sharp declines in value than the underlying security might be. The market for rights or warrants may be very limited and it may be difficult to sell them promptly at an acceptable price.

Convertible Securities Risk. The market values of convertible securities are affected by market interest rates, the risk of actual issuer default on interest or principal payments and the value of the underlying common stock into which the convertible security may be converted. Additionally, a convertible security is subject to the same types of market and issuer risks that apply to the underlying common stock. In addition, certain convertible securities are subject to involuntary conversions and may undergo principal write–downs upon the occurrence of certain triggering events, and, as a result, are subject to an increased risk of loss. Convertible securities may be rated below investment grade and therefore considered to have more speculative characteristics and greater susceptibility to default or decline in market value than investment grade securities.

Small– and Mid–Capitalization Companies Risk. Investing in securities of small– and mid–capitalization companies involves greater risk than customarily is associated with investing in larger, more established companies. Stocks of small– and mid–capitalization companies tend to be more vulnerable to changing market conditions, may have little or no operating history or track record of success, and may have more limited product lines and markets, less experienced management and fewer financial resources than larger companies. These companies’ securities may be more volatile and less liquid than those of more established companies.
They may be more sensitive to changes in a company’s earnings expectations and may experience more abrupt and erratic price movements. Smaller companies’ securities often trade in lower volumes and in many instances, are traded over–the–counter or on a regional securities exchange, where the frequency and volume of trading is substantially less than is typical for securities of larger companies traded on national securities exchanges. Therefore, the securities of smaller companies may be subject to wider price fluctuations and it might be harder for an underlying fund to dispose of its holdings at an acceptable price when it wants to sell them. Since small– and mid–cap companies typically reinvest a high proportion of their earnings in their business, they may not pay dividends for some time, particularly if they are newer companies. It may take a substantial period of time to realize a gain on an investment in a small– or mid–cap company, if any gain is realized at all.

Foreign Securities Risk. An underlying fund’s foreign investments may be adversely affected by political and social instability, changes in economic or taxation policies, difficulty in enforcing obligations, decreased liquidity or increased volatility. Foreign investments also involve the risk of the possible seizure, nationalization or expropriation of the issuer or foreign deposits (in which an underlying fund could lose its entire investments in a certain market) and the possible adoption of foreign governmental restrictions such as exchange controls. Foreign companies generally may be subject to less stringent regulations than U.S. companies, including financial reporting requirements and auditing and accounting controls, and may therefore be more susceptible to fraud or corruption. There may be less public information available about foreign companies than U.S. companies, making it difficult to evaluate those foreign companies. Unless an underlying fund has hedged its foreign currency exposure, foreign securities risk also involves the risk of negative foreign currency rate fluctuations, which may cause the value of securities denominated in such foreign currency (or other instruments through which an underlying fund has exposure to foreign currencies) to decline in value. Currency exchange rates may fluctuate significantly over short periods of time. Currency hedging strategies, if used, are not always successful.

Emerging Market Securities Risk. Emerging markets (also referred to as developing markets) are generally subject to greater market volatility, political, social and economic instability, uncertain trading markets and more governmental limitations on foreign investment than more developed markets. In addition, companies operating in emerging markets may be subject to lower trading volume and greater price fluctuations than companies in more developed markets. Such countries’ economies may be more dependent on relatively few industries or investors that may be highly vulnerable to local and global changes. Companies in emerging market countries generally may be subject to less stringent regulatory, disclosure, financial reporting, accounting, auditing and recordkeeping standards than companies in more developed countries. As a result, information, including financial information, about such companies may be less available and reliable, which can impede an underlying fund’s ability to evaluate such companies. Securities law and the enforcement of systems of taxation in many emerging market countries may change quickly and unpredictably, and the ability to bring and enforce actions (including bankruptcy, confiscatory taxation, expropriation, nationalization of a company’s assets, restrictions on foreign ownership of local companies, restrictions on withdrawing assets from the country, protectionist measures and practices such as share blocking), or to obtain information needed to pursue or enforce such actions, may be limited. In addition, the ability of foreign entities to participate in privatization programs of certain developing or emerging market countries may be limited by local law. Investments in emerging market securities may be subject to additional transaction costs, delays in settlement procedures, unexpected market closures, and lack of timely information.

Growth Investing Risk. If a growth company’s earnings or stock price fails to increase as anticipated, or if its business plans do not produce the expected results, the value of its securities may decline sharply. Growth companies may be newer or smaller companies that may experience greater stock price fluctuations and risks of loss than larger, more established companies. Newer growth companies tend to retain a large part of their earnings for research, development or investments in capital assets. Therefore, they may not pay any dividends for some time. Growth investing has gone in and out of favor during past market cycles and is likely to continue to do so. During periods when growth investing is out of favor or when markets are unstable, it may be more difficult to sell growth company securities at an acceptable price and the securities of growth companies may underperform the securities of value companies or the overall stock market. Growth stocks may also be more volatile than other securities because of investor speculation.

Value Investing Risk. Value investing entails the risk that if the market does not recognize that a selected security is undervalued, the prices of that security might not appreciate as anticipated. A value approach could also result in fewer investments that increase rapidly during times of market gains and could cause an underlying fund to underperform funds that use a growth or non–value approach to investing. Value investing has gone in and out of favor during past market cycles and when value investing is out of favor or when markets are unstable, the securities of value companies may underperform the securities of growth companies or the overall stock market.

Geographic Focus Risk. An underlying fund may from time to time have a substantial amount of its assets invested in securities of issuers located in a single country or a limited number of countries. Adverse economic, political or social conditions in those countries may therefore have a significant negative impact on an underlying fund’s investment performance.

Sector Focus Risk. An underlying fund may from time to time have a significant amount of its assets invested in one market sector or group of related industries. In this event, an underlying fund’s performance will depend to a greater extent on the overall condition of the sector or group of industries and there is increased risk that an underlying fund will lose significant value if conditions adversely affect that sector or group of industries.

Momentum Investing Risk. In general, momentum is the tendency of an investment to exhibit persistence in its relative performance; a “momentum” style of investing emphasizes investing in securities that have had better recent performance compared to other securities, on the theory that these securities will continue to increase in value. Momentum investing is subject to the risk that the securities may be more volatile than the market as a whole. High momentum may also be a sign that the securities’ prices have peaked, and therefore the returns on securities that previously have exhibited price momentum may be less than returns on other styles of investing. Momentum can turn quickly, and stocks that previously have exhibited high momentum may not experience continued positive momentum. An underlying fund may experience significant losses if momentum stops, reverses or otherwise behaves differently than predicted. In addition, there may be periods when the momentum style of investing is out of favor and therefore, the investment performance of an underlying fund may suffer.

Issuer–Specific Changes Risk. The performance of an underlying fund depends on the performance of individual securities to which an underlying fund has exposure. The value of an individual security or particular type of security may be more volatile than the market as a whole and may perform worse than the market as a whole, causing the value of its securities to decline. Poor performance may be caused by poor management decisions, competitive pressures, changes in technology, expiration of patent protection, disruptions in supply, labor problems or shortages, corporate restructurings, fraudulent disclosures or other factors. Issuers may, in times of distress or at their own discretion, decide to reduce or eliminate dividends, which may also cause their stock prices to decline.

Debt Securities Risk. The prices of debt securities held by an underlying fund will be affected by changes in interest rates, the creditworthiness of the issuer and other factors. An increase in prevailing interest rates typically causes the value of existing debt securities to fall and often has a greater impact on longer–duration debt securities and higher quality debt securities. Falling interest rates will cause an underlying fund to reinvest the proceeds of debt securities that have been repaid by the issuer at lower interest rates. Falling interest rates may also reduce an underlying fund’s distributable income because interest payments on floating rate debt instruments held by an underlying fund will decline. An underlying fund could lose money on investments in debt securities if the issuer or borrower fails to meet its obligations to make interest payments and/or to repay principal in a timely manner. Changes in an issuer’s financial strength, the market’s perception of such strength or in the credit rating of the issuer or the security may affect the value of debt securities. An underlying fund’s adviser’s credit analysis may fail to anticipate such changes, which could result in buying a debt security at an inopportune time or failing to sell a debt security in advance of a price decline or other credit event.

Changing Fixed Income Market Conditions Risk. Increases in the federal funds and equivalent foreign rates or other changes to monetary policy or regulatory actions may expose fixed income markets to heightened volatility and reduced liquidity for certain fixed income investments, particularly those with longer maturities. It is difficult to predict the impact of interest rate changes on various markets. In addition, decreases in fixed income dealer market–making capacity may also potentially lead to heightened volatility and reduced liquidity in the fixed income markets. As a result, the value of an underlying fund’s investments and share price may decline. Changes in central bank policies could also result in higher than normal redemptions by shareholders, which could potentially increase an underlying fund’s portfolio turnover rate and transaction costs.

High Yield Debt Securities (Junk Bond) Risk. Investments in high yield debt securities (“junk bonds”) and other lower–rated securities will subject an underlying fund to substantial risk of loss. These securities are considered to be speculative with respect to the issuer’s ability to pay interest and principal when due, are more susceptible to default or decline in market value and are less liquid than investment grade debt securities. Prices of high yield debt securities tend to be very volatile.

Mortgage– and Asset–Backed Securities Risk. Mortgage– and asset–backed securities are subject to prepayment or call risk, which is the risk that a borrower’s payments may be received earlier or later than expected due to changes in prepayment rates on underlying loans. This could result in an underlying fund reinvesting these early payments at lower interest rates, thereby reducing an underlying fund’s income. Mortgage– and asset–backed securities also are subject to extension risk, which is the risk that an unexpected rise in interest rates could reduce the rate of prepayments, causing the price of the mortgage– and asset–backed securities and an underlying fund’s share price to fall. An unexpectedly high rate of defaults on the mortgages held by a mortgage pool will adversely affect the value of mortgage–backed securities and will result in losses to an underlying fund. Privately–issued mortgage–backed securities and asset–backed securities may be less liquid than other types of securities and an underlying fund may be unable to sell these securities at the time or price it desires. During periods of market stress or high redemptions, an underlying fund may be forced to sell these securities at significantly reduced prices, resulting in losses. Liquid privately–issued mortgage–backed securities and asset–backed securities can become illiquid during periods of market stress. Privately issued mortgage–related securities are not subject to the same underwriting requirements as those with government or government–sponsored entity guarantees and, therefore, mortgage loans underlying privately issued mortgage–related securities may have less favorable collateral, credit risk, liquidity risk or other underwriting characteristics, and wider variances in interest rate, term, size, purpose and borrower characteristics. An underlying fund may invest in mortgage pools that include subprime mortgages, which are loans made to borrowers with weakened credit histories or with lower capacity to make timely payments on their mortgages. Liquidity risk is even greater for mortgage pools that include subprime mortgages.

Municipal Securities Risk. The risk of a municipal obligation generally depends on the financial and credit status of the issuer. Constitutional amendments, legislative enactments, executive orders, administrative regulations, voter initiatives, and the issuer’s regional economic conditions may affect the municipal security’s value, interest payments, repayment of principal and an underlying fund’s ability to sell the security. Failure of a municipal security issuer to comply with applicable tax requirements may make income paid thereon taxable, resulting in a decline in the security’s value. In addition, there could be changes in applicable tax laws or tax treatments that reduce or eliminate the current federal income tax exemption on municipal securities or otherwise adversely affect the current federal or state tax status of municipal securities.

Senior Loans and Other Loans Risk. Risks associated with an investment in Senior Loans include credit risk, interest rate risk, liquidity risk, valuation risk and prepayment risk. These risks are typically associated with debt securities but may be heightened in part because of the limited public information regarding Senior Loans. Senior Loans generally are floating rate loans, which are subject to interest rate risk as the interest paid on the floating rate loans adjusts periodically based on changes in widely accepted reference rates. Lack of an active trading market, restrictions on resale, irregular trading activity, wide bid/ask spreads and extended trade settlement periods may impair an underlying fund’s ability to sell Senior Loans within its desired time frame or at an acceptable price and its ability to accurately value existing and prospective investments. Extended trade settlement periods may result in cash not being immediately available to an underlying fund. As a result, an underlying fund may have to sell other investments or engage in borrowing transactions to raise cash to meet its obligations. The risk of holding Senior Loans is also directly tied to the risk of insolvency or bankruptcy of the issuing banks. The value of Senior Loans can be affected by and sensitive to changes in government regulation and to economic downturns in the United States and abroad. Senior loans are also subject to the risk that a court could subordinate a senior loan or take other action detrimental to the holders of senior loans. Loans are subject to the risk that the value of the collateral, if any, securing a loan may decline, be insufficient to meet the obligations of the borrower, or be difficult to liquidate. Loan investments are often issued in connection with highly leveraged transactions which are subject to greater credit risks than other investments including a greater possibility that the borrower may default or enter bankruptcy. These risks could cause an underlying fund to lose income or principal on a particular investment, which in turn could affect an underlying fund’s returns.

Commodity–Linked Notes Risk. In addition to risks associated with the underlying commodities, investments in commodity–linked notes may be subject to additional risks, such as non–payment of interest and loss of principal, counterparty risk, lack of a secondary market and risk of greater volatility than traditional equity and debt securities. The value of the commodity–linked notes an underlying fund buys may fluctuate significantly because the values of the underlying investments to which they are linked are themselves volatile. Additionally, certain commodity–linked notes employ “economic” leverage by requiring payment by the issuer of an amount that is a multiple of the price increase or decrease of the underlying commodity, commodity index, or other economic variable. Such economic leverage will increase the volatility of the value of these commodity–linked notes and an underlying fund to the extent it invests in such notes.

Foreign Government Debt Risk. Investments in foreign government debt securities (sometimes referred to as sovereign debt securities) involve certain risks in addition to those relating to foreign securities or debt securities generally. The issuer of the debt or the governmental authorities that control the repayment of the debt may be unable or unwilling to repay principal or interest when due in accordance with the terms of such debt, and an underlying fund may have limited recourse in the event of a default against the defaulting government. Without the approval of debt holders, some governmental debtors have in the past been able to reschedule or restructure their debt payments or declare moratoria on payments.

REIT Risk/Real Estate Risk. An underlying fund concentrates its investments in the securities of real estate and real estate related companies. Investments in real estate related instruments may be adversely affected by economic, legal, cultural, environmental or technological factors that affect property values, rents or occupancies. Shares of real estate related companies, which tend to be small– and mid–cap companies, may be more volatile and less liquid than larger companies. If a real estate related company defaults on certain types of debt obligations, held by an underlying fund, an underlying fund may acquire real estate directly, which involves additional risks such as environmental liabilities; difficulty in valuing and selling the real estate; and economic or regulatory changes.

LIBOR Transition Risk. An underlying fund may have investments in financial instruments that utilize the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) as the reference or benchmark rate for variable interest rate calculations. LIBOR is intended to measure the rate generally at which banks can lend and borrow from one another in the relevant currency on an unsecured basis. Regulators and financial industry working groups in several jurisdictions have worked over the past several years to identify alternative reference rates (“ARRs”) to replace LIBOR and to assist with the transition to the new ARRs. For example, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York has identified the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) as the intended replacement to USD LIBOR and foreign regulators have proposed other interbank offered rates, such as the Sterling Overnight Index Average (“SONIA”) and other replacement rates, which could also be adopted. Consequently, the publication of most LIBOR rates ceased at the end of 2021, but a selection of widely used USD LIBOR rates continues to be published until June 2023 to allow for an orderly transition away from these rates. Additionally, key regulators have instructed banking institutions to cease entering into new contracts that reference these USD LIBOR settings after December 31, 2021, subject to certain limited exceptions.

There remains uncertainty and risks relating to the continuing LIBOR transition and its effects on an underlying fund and the instruments in which an underlying fund invests. For example, there can be no assurance that the composition or characteristics of any ARRs or financial instruments in which underlying fund invests that utilize ARRs will be similar to or produce the same value or economic equivalence as LIBOR or that these instruments will have the same volume or liquidity. Additionally, although regulators have generally prohibited banking institutions from entering into new contracts that reference those USD LIBOR settings that continue to exist, there remains uncertainty and risks relating to certain “legacy” USD LIBOR instruments that were issued or entered into before December 31, 2021 and the process by which a replacement interest rate will be identified and implemented into these instruments when USD LIBOR is ultimately discontinued. The effects of such uncertainty and risks in “legacy” USD LIBOR instruments held by an underlying fund could result in losses to an underlying fund.

Liquidity Risk. An underlying fund may be unable to sell illiquid investments at the time or price it desires and, as a result, could lose its entire investment in such investments. Liquid securities can become illiquid during periods of market stress. If a significant amount of an underlying fund’s securities become illiquid, an underlying fund may not be able to timely pay redemption proceeds and may need to sell securities at significantly reduced prices.

Rule 144A Securities and Other Exempt Securities Risk. The market for Rule 144A and other securities exempt from certain registration requirements typically is less active than the market for publicly–traded securities. Rule 144A and other exempt securities, which are also known as privately issued securities, carry the risk that their liquidity may become impaired and an underlying fund may be unable to dispose of the securities at a desirable time or price.

Restricted Securities Risk. Limitations on the resale of restricted securities may have an adverse effect on their marketability, and may prevent an underlying fund from disposing of them promptly at reasonable prices. There can be no assurance that a trading market will exist at any time for any particular restricted security. Transaction costs may be higher for restricted securities and such securities may be difficult to value and may have significant volatility.

Derivatives Risk. The value of a derivative instrument depends largely on (and is derived from) the value of an underlying security, currency, commodity, interest rate, index or other asset (each referred to as an underlying asset). In addition to risks relating to the underlying assets, the use of derivatives may include other, possibly greater, risks, including counterparty, leverage and liquidity risks. Counterparty risk is the risk that the counterparty to the derivative contract will default on its obligation to pay an underlying fund or the Fund the amount owed or otherwise perform under the derivative contract. Derivatives create leverage risk because they do not require payment up front equal to the economic exposure created by holding a position in the derivative. As a result, an adverse change in the value of the underlying asset could result in an underlying fund or the Fund sustaining a loss that is substantially greater than the amount invested in the derivative or the anticipated value of the underlying asset, which may make the underlying fund’s or the Fund’s returns more volatile and increase the risk of loss. Derivative instruments may also be less liquid than more traditional investments and the underlying fund or the Fund may be unable to sell or close out its derivative positions at a desirable time or price. This risk may be more acute under adverse market conditions, during which the underlying fund or the Fund may be most in need of liquidating its derivative positions. Derivatives may also be harder to value, less tax efficient and subject to changing government regulation that could impact the underlying fund’s or the Fund’s ability to use certain derivatives or their cost. Derivatives strategies may not always be successful. For example, derivatives used for hedging or to gain or limit exposure to a particular market segment may not provide the expected benefits, particularly during adverse market conditions.

Alternative Investment Strategies Risk. An underlying fund utilizes alternative investment strategies, which are strategies that the portfolio manager expects to result in investment performance that does not correlate with the performance of traditional asset classes, such as equity and fixed–income investments. An underlying fund also seeks to utilize a diverse mix of alternative investment strategies, in the hope that individual strategies yield low performance correlation to other alternative investment strategies used by an underlying fund. However, alternative investments may be more volatile or illiquid, particularly during periods of market instability, and an underlying fund cannot guarantee that diverse alternative investment strategies will yield uncorrelated performance under all market conditions. In addition, the particular mix of alternative investments in an underlying fund’s portfolio may not be sufficiently diversified. An underlying fund is subject to the risk that its alternative investments may undergo a correlation shift, resulting in returns that are correlated with the broader market and/or with an underlying fund’s other alternative investments.

U.S. Government Obligations Risk. Obligations of U.S. Government agencies and authorities receive varying levels of support and may not be backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government, which could affect an underlying fund’s ability to recover should they default. No assurance can be given that the U.S. Government will provide financial support to its agencies and authorities if it is not obligated by law to do so.

Financial Markets Regulatory Risk. Policy changes by the U.S. government or its regulatory agencies and political events within the U.S. and abroad may, among other things, affect investor and consumer confidence and increase volatility in the financial markets, perhaps suddenly and to a significant degree, which may adversely impact an underlying fund’s operations, universe of potential investment options, and return potential.

Active Trading Risk. Active trading of an underlying fund’s portfolio securities may result in added expenses, a lower return and increased tax liability.

Management Risk. The Fund is actively managed and depends heavily on its Adviser’s judgment about markets, interest rates or the attractiveness, relative values, liquidity, or potential appreciation of particular investments made for the Fund’s portfolio. Similarly, certain underlying funds are actively managed and depend heavily on their advisers’ judgments about markets, interest rates or the attractiveness, relative values, liquidity, or potential appreciation of particular investments made for their portfolios. The Fund and certain underlying funds could experience losses if these judgments prove to be incorrect. Because the investment process of the Fund relies heavily on its asset allocation process, market movements that are counter to the portfolio managers’ expectations may have a significant adverse effect on the Fund’s net asset value. Similarly, because the investment processes of certain underlying funds rely heavily on their security selection processes, market movements that are counter to the portfolio managers’ expectations may have a significant adverse effect on certain underlying funds’ net asset values. Additionally, legislative, regulatory, or tax developments may adversely affect management of the Fund and underlying funds and, therefore, their abilities to achieve their investment objectives.