Objective & Strategy
The Fund is a non-diversified, closed-end interval fund that seeks a high level of current income, with a secondary objective of capital appreciation. If applicable, distributions are paid quarterly in March, June, September, and December.
Average Annual Returns (%)
|YTD (%)||1Y (%)||3Y (%)||5Y (%)||10Y (%)|
Performance quoted is past performance and cannot guarantee comparable future results; current performance may be lower or higher. Investment return and principal value will vary so that you may have a gain or a loss when you sell shares.
Annualized Benchmark Returns
|Index Name||1 Mo (%)||3 Mo (%)||1Y (%)||3Y (%)||5Y (%)||10Y (%)|
|Credit Suisse Leveraged Loan Total Return Index||1.15||4.76||9.08||5.84||4.27||4.27|
|Credit Suisse Leveraged Loan Total Return Index||1.15||4.76||9.08||5.84||4.27||4.27|
|Credit Suisse Leveraged Loan Total Return Index||2.24||3.12||10.10||6.16||4.02||4.13|
|Credit Suisse Leveraged Loan Total Return Index||2.24||3.12||10.10||6.16||4.02||4.13|
Source: Bloomberg LP
Source: Bloomberg LP
An investment cannot be made directly in an index.
Expense Ratio per Prospectus
|Total Other Expenses||1.93|
|Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses (Underlying Fund Fees & Expenses)||N/A|
|Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses||3.93|
|Net Expenses - PER PROSPECTUS||3.93|
|Net Expenses - With Additional Fee Reduction||3.93|
|Ex-Date||Income||Short Term||Long Term|
Ratings are based on S&P, Moody's or Fitch, as applicable. A credit rating is an assessment provided by a nationally recognized statistical rating organization (NRSRO) of the creditworthiness of an issuer with respect to debt obligations, including specific securities, money market instruments or other debts. Ratings are measured on a scale that generally ranges from AAA (highest) to D (lowest); ratings are subject to change without notice. NR indicates the debtor was not rated, and should not be interpreted as indicating low quality. If securities are rated differently by the rating agencies, the higher rating is applied. Credit ratings are based largely on the rating agency's investment analysis at the time of rating and the rating assigned to any particular security is not necessarily a reflection of the issuer's current financial condition. The rating assigned to a security by a rating agency does not necessarily reflect its assessment of the volatility of a security's market value or of the liquidity of an investment in the security. For more information on the rating methodology, please visit the following NRSRO websites: www.standardandpoors.com and select 'Understanding Ratings' under Rating Resources on the homepage; www.moodys.com and select 'Rating Methodologies' under Research and Ratings on the homepage; www.fitchratings.com and select 'Ratings Definitions' on the homepage.
|Number of Securities||224|
Source: Bloomberg LP,StyleADVISOR
|% of Total Assets|
|Security & Alarm Services||1.60|
|Hotels, Resorts & Cruise Lines||1.20|
|Integrated Telecommunication Services||1.09|
|Research & Consulting Services||0.98|
|Oil & Gas Equipment & Services||0.66|
May not equal 100% due to rounding.
The holdings are organized according to the Global Industry Classification Standard, which was developed by and is the exclusive property and a service mark of Morgan Stanley Capital International Inc. and Standard & Poor's.
Materials & Resources
The principal risks of investing in the Fund are:
Debt Securities Risk. The prices of debt securities held by the Fund will be affected by changes in interest rates, the creditworthiness of the issuer and other factors. The Fund could lose money on investments in debt securities if the issuer or borrower fails to meet its obligations to make interest payments and/or to repay principal in a timely manner. Changes in an issuer’s financial strength, the market’s perception of such strength or in the credit rating of the issuer or the security may affect the value of debt securities. The Adviser’s credit analysis may fail to anticipate such changes, which could result in buying a debt security at an inopportune time or failing to sell a debt security in advance of a price decline or other credit event.
Senior Loans and Other Loans Risk. Risks associated with an investment in Senior Loans include credit risk, interest rate risk, liquidity risk, valuation risk and prepayment risk. These risks are typically associated with debt securities but may be heightened in part because of the limited public information regarding Senior Loans. Senior Loans generally are floating rate loans, which are subject to interest rate risk as the interest paid on the floating rate loans adjusts periodically based on changes in widely accepted reference rates. Lack of an active trading market, restrictions on resale, irregular trading activity, wide bid/ask spreads and extended trade settlement periods may impair the Fund’s ability to sell Senior Loans within its desired time frame or at an acceptable price and its ability to accurately value existing and prospective investments. Extended trade settlement periods may result in cash not being immediately available to the Fund. As a result, the Fund may have to sell other investments or engage in borrowing transactions to raise cash to meet its obligations. The risk of holding Senior Loans is also directly tied to the risk of insolvency or bankruptcy of the issuing banks. The value of Senior Loans can be affected by and sensitive to changes in government regulation and to economic downturns in the United States and abroad. Senior loans are also subject to the risk that a court could subordinate a senior loan or take other action detrimental to the holders of senior loans. Loans are subject to the risk that the value of the collateral, if any, securing a loan may decline, be insufficient to meet the obligations of the borrower, or be difficult to liquidate. Loan investments are often issued in connection with highly leveraged transactions which are subject to greater credit risks than other investments including a greater possibility that the borrower may default or enter bankruptcy. Highly leveraged loans also may be less liquid than other loans. These risks could cause the Fund to lose income or principal on a particular investment, which in turn could affect the Fund’s returns.
Risk of Second Lien or Other Subordinated or Unsecured Loans or Debt. Second lien or other subordinated or unsecured loans or debt generally are subject to similar risks associated with investments in Senior Loans. Because second lien or other subordinated or unsecured loans or debt are lower in priority of payment to Senior Loans, they are subject to additional risk that the cash flow of the borrower and property securing the loan or debt, if any, may be insufficient to meet scheduled payments after giving effect to the senior secured obligations of the borrower. This risk is generally higher for subordinated unsecured loans or debt, which are not backed by a security interest in any specific collateral.
High Yield Debt Securities (Junk Bond) Risk. The Fund’s investments in high yield debt securities (commonly referred to as “junk bonds”) and other lower-rated securities will subject the Fund to substantial risk of loss. These securities are considered to be speculative with respect to the issuer’s ability to pay interest and principal when due and are more susceptible to default or decline in market value due to adverse economic, regulatory, political or company developments than higher rated or investment grade securities.
Changing Fixed Income Market Conditions Risk. Increases in the federal funds and equivalent foreign rates or other changes to monetary policy or regulatory actions may expose fixed income markets to heightened volatility and reduced liquidity for certain fixed income investments, particularly those with longer maturities. It is difficult to predict the impact of interest rate changes on various markets. In addition, decreases in fixed income dealer market-making capacity may also potentially lead to heightened volatility and reduced liquidity in the fixed income markets.
Financial Services Sector Risk. Financial services companies, including financial institutions, are subject to extensive government regulation and, as a result, their profitability may be affected by new regulations or regulatory interpretations. Unstable interest rates can have a disproportionate effect on companies in the financial services sector which could adversely affect the profitability of such companies. Financial services companies whose securities the Fund may purchase may themselves have concentrated portfolios, which makes them especially vulnerable to unstable economic conditions.
Liquidity Risk. The Fund may be unable to sell illiquid investments at the time or price it desires and, as a result, could lose its entire investment in such investments. Liquid securities can become illiquid during periods of market stress. If a significant amount of the Fund’s securities become illiquid, the Fund may not be able to timely pay redemption proceeds and may need to sell securities at significantly reduced prices.
Rule 144A Securities and Other Exempt Securities Risk. The market for Rule 144A and other securities exempt from certain registration requirements typically is less active than the market for publicly-traded securities. Rule 144A and other exempt securities, which are also known as privately issued securities, carry the risk that their liquidity may become impaired and the Fund may be unable to dispose of the securities at a desirable time or price.
Restricted Securities Risk. Limitations on the resale of restricted securities may have an adverse effect on their marketability, and may prevent the Fund from disposing of them promptly at reasonable prices. There can be no assurance that a trading market will exist at any time for any particular restricted security. Transaction costs may be higher for restricted securities and such securities may be difficult to value and may have significant volatility.
Interest Rate Risk, Income Risk and Prepayment or Call Risk. Rising interest rates could cause the values of the Fund’s investments to decline. The income you receive from the Fund is based primarily on interest rates, which can vary widely over the short- and long-term. If interest rates drop, your income from the Fund may drop as well. If interest rates fall, it is possible that issuers of fixed income securities with high interest rates will prepay or “call” their securities before their maturity dates. In this event, the proceeds from the prepaid or called securities would likely be reinvested by the Fund in securities bearing the new, lower interest rates, resulting in a possible decline in the Fund’s income and distributions to shareholders.
Loan Origination Risks. In making a direct loan, the Fund is exposed to the risk that the borrower may default or become insolvent and, consequently, that the Fund will lose money on the loan. Direct loans are not publicly traded and may not have a secondary market. The lack of a secondary market for direct loans may have an adverse impact on the ability of the Fund to dispose of a direct loan and/or to value the direct loan.
Loan Collateral Valuation Risk. Different types of assets may be used as collateral for the Fund’s loans and, accordingly, the valuation of and risks associated with such collateral will vary by loan. There is no assurance that the Fund will correctly evaluate the value of the assets collateralizing the Fund’s loans or the prospects for a successful reorganization or similar action.
Borrowing Risk. Borrowing money to buy securities exposes the Fund to leverage and will cause the Fund’s share price to be more volatile because leverage will exaggerate the effect of any increase or decrease in the value of the Fund’s portfolio securities. Borrowing money may also require the Fund to liquidate positions when it may not be advantageous to do so. In addition, the Fund will incur interest expenses and other fees on borrowed money. There can be no assurance that the Fund’s borrowing strategy will enhance and not reduce the Fund’s returns.
Financial Leverage Risk. There are risks associated with borrowing or issuing preferred shares in an effort to increase the yield and distributions on the Common Shares, including that the costs of the financial leverage exceed the income from investments made with such leverage, the higher volatility of the net asset value of the Common Shares, and that fluctuations in the interest rates on the borrowing or dividend rates on preferred shares may affect the yield and distributions to the Common Shareholders. The Fund’s use of leverage also may impair the ability of the Fund to maintain its qualification for federal income tax purposes, as a regulated investment company.
Regulatory Risk. Various state licensing requirements could apply to the Fund with respect to investments in, or the origination and servicing of loans and similar assets. Failure to comply with such laws and regulations could lead to, among other penalties, a loss of the Fund’s (or its Subsidiary’s) or the Adviser’s license, which in turn could require the Fund to divest assets located in or secured by real property located in that state.
Subsidiary Risk. By investing through one or more Subsidiaries, if any, the Fund is exposed to the risks associated with the Subsidiaries’ investments (which risks are generally the same as the investment risks applicable to the Fund).
Investments in Middle-Market Companies. Middle-market companies may have more limited product lines, markets and financial resources, and may be dependent on a smaller management group. As a result, such companies may be more vulnerable to general economic trends and to specific changes in markets and technology.
Conflicts of Interest Risk Related to Co-Investing. The Adviser and certain of its affiliates may experience conflicts of interest in connection with co-investment transactions.
Valuation Risk and Conflicts of Interest Created by Valuation Process for Certain Portfolio Holdings. The Fund’s portfolio investments may include loans that are not publicly traded and for which no market based price quotation is available. As a result, the fair value of these loans will be determined in good faith in accordance with the valuation policy approved by the Board and related procedures. The participation of the Adviser’s investment professionals in the Fund’s valuation process could result in a conflict of interest as the Adviser’s management fee is based, in part, on the value of the Fund’s assets.
Defaulted Securities Risk. Defaulted securities pose a greater risk that principal will not be repaid than non-defaulted securities. Defaulted securities and any securities received in an exchange for such securities may be subject to restrictions on resale.
Distressed Debt Securities Risk. Distressed debt securities, including those issued by companies that are involved in reorganizations, financial restructurings or bankruptcy, are speculative and involve substantial risks in addition to the risks of investing in below-investment-grade debt securities.
Credit Risk. The issuers of instruments in which the Fund invests may be unable to meet interest and/or principal payments. This risk is increased to the extent the Fund invests in junk bonds which may cause the Fund to incur higher expenses to protect its interests. The credit risks and market prices of lower-grade securities generally are more sensitive to negative issuer developments, such as reduced revenues or increased expenditures, or adverse economic conditions, such as a recession, than are higher-grade securities.
Foreign Securities Risk. The value of the Fund’s foreign investments may be adversely affected by political and social instability in the home countries of the issuers of the investments, by changes in economic or taxation policies in those countries, by the difficulty in enforcing obligations in those countries, decreased liquidity or increased volatility. Foreign companies generally may be subject to less stringent regulations than U.S. companies, including financial reporting requirements and auditing and accounting controls, and may therefore be more susceptible to fraud or corruption. Foreign investments also involve the risk of the possible seizure, nationalization or expropriation of the issuer or foreign deposits (in which the Fund could lose its entire investments in a certain market) and the possible adoption of foreign governmental restrictions such as exchange controls. Also, there may be less publicly available information about companies in certain foreign countries than about U.S. companies making it more difficult for the Adviser to evaluate those companies.
Investing in Stocks Risk. Equity securities include common stock, preferred stock, rights, warrants and certain securities that are convertible into common stock. The value of the Fund’s portfolio may be affected by changes in the stock markets. Stock markets may experience significant short-term volatility and may fall or rise sharply at times. Adverse events in any part of the equity or fixed income markets may have unexpected negative effects on other market segments. Different stock markets may behave differently from each other and U.S. stock markets may move in the opposite direction from one or more foreign stock markets. The prices of individual stocks generally do not all move in the same direction at the same time. However, individual stock prices tend to go up and down more dramatically than those of certain other types of investments, such as bonds.
A variety of factors, including, but not limited to, poor earnings reports, loss of customers, litigation, unfavorable performance and changes in government regulations, can negatively affect the price of a particular company’s stock. To the extent that securities of a particular type are emphasized (for example foreign stocks, stocks of small- or mid-cap companies, growth or value stocks, or stocks of companies in a particular industry) their share values may fluctuate more in response to events affecting the market for that type of security. Common stock represents an ownership interest in a company.
Warrants, Equity Securities and Junior Debt Securities of the Borrower. Warrants, equity securities and junior debt securities have a subordinate claim on a Borrower’s assets as compared with Senior Loans. As a result, the values of warrants, equity securities and junior debt securities generally are more dependent on the financial condition of the Borrower and less dependent on fluctuations in interest rates than are the values of many debt securities. The values of warrants, equity securities and junior debt securities may be more volatile than those of Senior Loans and thus may increase the volatility of the Fund’s net asset value. Additionally, warrants may be significantly less valuable on their relevant expiration date resulting in a loss of money or they may expire worthless resulting in a total loss of the investment. Warrants may also be postponed or terminated early resulting in a partial or total loss of the investment. Warrants may also be illiquid.
Risks of Structured Products. Holders of structured products bear risks of the underlying investments, index or reference obligation and are subject to counterparty risk. When investing in structured products, it is impossible to predict whether the underlying index or prices of the underlying securities will rise or fall, but prices of the underlying indices and securities (and, therefore, the prices of structured products) will be influenced by the same types of political and economic events that affect particular issuers of securities and capital markets generally.
Asset-Backed Securities Risk. Asset-backed securities are subject to prepayment or call risk, which is the risk that a borrower’s payments may be received earlier or later than expected due to changes in prepayment rates on underlying loans, which could result in the Fund reinvesting these early payments at lower interest rates, thereby reducing the Fund’s income. Asset-backed securities also are subject to extension risk, which is the risk that a rise in interest rates could reduce the rate of prepayments, causing the price of the assetbacked securities and the Fund’s share price to fall.
Collateralized Loan Obligations Risk. CLOs are subject to the risks of substantial losses due to actual defaults by underlying borrowers, which will be greater during periods of economic or financial stress. CLOs may also lose value due to collateral defaults and disappearance of subordinate tranches, market anticipation of defaults, and investor aversion to CLO securities as a class. The risks of CLOs will be greater if the Fund invests in CLOs that hold loans of uncreditworthy borrowers or if the Fund holds subordinate tranches of the CLO that absorb losses from the defaults before senior tranches. In addition, CLOs are subject to interest rate risk and credit risk.
Derivatives Risk. The value of a derivative instrument depends largely on (and is derived from) the value of an underlying security, currency, commodity, interest rate, index or other asset (each referred to as an underlying asset). In addition to risks relating to the underlying assets, the use of derivatives may include other, possibly greater, risks, including counterparty, leverage and liquidity risks.
Zero Coupon or Pay-In-Kind Securities Risk. Zero coupon and pay-in-kind securities may be subject to greater fluctuation in value and less liquidity in the event of adverse market conditions than comparably rated securities paying cash interest at regular interest payment periods. Prices on non-cash-paying instruments may be more sensitive to changes in the issuer’s financial condition, fluctuation in interest rates and market demand/supply imbalances than cash-paying securities with similar credit ratings, and thus may be more speculative.
Non-Diversified Fund Risk. Because the Fund is non-diversified and can invest a greater portion of its assets in securities of individual issuers than a diversified fund, changes in the market value of a single investment could cause greater fluctuations in Share price than would occur in a diversified fund. This may increase the Fund’s volatility and cause the performance of a relatively small number of issuers to have a greater impact on the Fund’s performance.
Management Risk. The Fund is actively managed and depends heavily on the Adviser’s judgment about markets, interest rates or the attractiveness, relative values, liquidity, or potential appreciation of particular investments made for the Fund’s portfolio.